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St. Maarten Medical Center
This brochure provides you with general in- formation about Hypertension and what foods are best to eat to reduce the risks and foods for if you have been diagnosed with hypertension.
If you have any questions after reading this brochure, you can contact your medical care- giver.
Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance found in the walls of cells in all parts of the body, from the nervous system to the liver to the heart.
The body uses cholesterol to make hormones, bile acids, vitamin D, and other substances.
Cholesterol circulates in the bloodstream but cannot travel by itself. As with oil and water, cholesterol (which is fatty) and blood (which is watery) do not mix. So cholesterol travels in packages called lipoproteins, which have fat (lipid) inside and protein outside.
Low density lipoprotein, or LDL, which also is called the "bad" cholesterol because it carries cholesterol to tissues, including the arteries. Most of the cholesterol in the blood is the LDL form. The higher the level of LDL cholesterol in the blood, the greater your risk for heart disease.
High density lipoprotein, or HDL, which also is called the "good" cholesterol because it takes cholesterol from tissues to the liver, which removes it from the body. A low level of HDL cholesterol increases your risk for heart dis- ease.
If there is too much cholesterol in the blood, some of the excess can become trapped in artery walls. Over time, this builds up and is called plaque. The plaque can narrow vessels and make them less flexible, a condition called atherosclerosis or "hardening of the arteries."
Various factors can cause unhealthy choles- terol levels
Heredity. The amount of LDL cholesterol your body makes and how fast it is removed from your body is determined partly by genes.
Age and gender.
Diet: Three nutrients in your diet make LDL levels rise.
Saturated fat, a type of fat found mostly in foods that come from animals;
Trans-fat, found mostly in foods made with hydrogenated oils and fats such as margarine stick, crackers, and French fries
Cholesterol, which comes only from animal products.
Overweight. Excess weight tends to increase your LDL level.
Physical inactivity. Being physically inactive contributes to overweight and can raise LDL and lower HDL.
Keys to TLC (therapeutic lifestyle changes)